Corporate issuance will probably come back too, although moderately, and the core Islamic finance countries were likely (in 2021) to execute some of the capital expenditure that they have deferred in 2020 because of the pandemic to access to capital markets.
While coal mining will decrease dramatically in the coming years, the mining of minerals needed for clean energy transitions increases very rapidly in a global economy focused on bringing down carbon emissions.
The quantitative easing programs (bond and mortgage purchases) embarked on by the Fed, the European Central Bank, the Bank of Japan and others, including the Reserve Bank, will start to be tapered either late 2021 or sometime in 2022.
Fashion may not have decades to come around: The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, an intergovernmental body of the United Nations, has stated that to avoid climate catastrophe, global emissions must be halved by 2030.
The outcomes in the coming years could reshape how the global internet works and how new technologies are used, with people having access to different content, digital services or online freedoms based on where they are.
The Threat Assessment begins to address the challenges of the Fourth Industrial Revolution that are bedeviling the decentralized United States but proving easier to surmount for the autocratically centralized China amid its push to replace the United States as the dominant power on earth by 2050.